Preservation allows you to preserve vegetables that don’t store well in so that you can enjoy them long after harvest time. Chemical, physical and biological preservation prevents or slows down the multiplication of microorganisms in food that causes spoilage.
„Spoilage“: Natural process initiated by microorganisms that results in chemical, physical and biochemical changes. Pest infestation is also a form of food spoilage.
Place your canning jars (jars with sealing ring/spring clips or twist-off jars) and kitchen utensils in boiling water for 5 min and let them dry. Clean and inspect your harvest and sort out vegetables with rot. Prepare the vegetables as needed (e.g., cut, blanch) and layer them in the jar until just below the rim. Cover everything completely with salt water. Clean the rim of the jars. Seal the jars and place them in the canning pot in a way that they do not touch each other. Fill the pot with water until the level of the filling in the jars is reached and heat the pot (the exact temperature depends on the type of vegetable). Different vegetables need to be boiled down for different lengths of time, not for more than 120 min, though. Remove the clamps only when the jar has cooled down completely.
„Botulism“: Rare but serious food poisoning caused by the toxin of the bacterium Clostridium Botulinum. The spores of Clostridium Botulinum occur naturally in the soil and on the skin of almost any vegetable. In the absence of oxygen in low-acid foods, the spores germinate and form toxins. Only at temperatures above 120° C are the bacterium and its spores killed. Infestation of cooked foods with the bacterium is usually not detectable, which makes it so dangerous.
Place your fermentation jars (jars with sealing ring/spring clips or swing top) and kitchen utensils in boiling water for 5 min and then let them dry. Clean and inspect your harvest and sort out vegetables with rot. Cut the harvest into pieces. The smaller the pieces, the faster the fermentation process. Larger pieces produce a crunchier result. Blanch vegetables that cannot be eaten raw. Layer the vegetables in the jar and weigh them down with weights (e.g., special fermentation weights). Make a 3% brine by dissolving 30 g of natural salt in 1 l of water. Cover the fermenting material completely with the brine (!) and leave 2 cm space to the upper edge. If the jar is too full, liquid may leak out during fermentation. Seal your jars and store the vegetables at room temperature to start the fermentation process. After 2-7 days, move the ferment to a cooler place (refrigerator or cool basement). Depending on the type of vegetable and the size of the pieces, the fermented vegetables will continue to ripen here for 2-6 weeks. The longer the storage time, the more acidic the ferment becomes.
Clean and inspect your harvest and sort out vegetables with rotten spots. Cut the vegetables into thin slices and blanch them briefly if necessary. Preheat the oven (set the temperature to 40-60° C depending on the type of vegetable). Place 1-2 kg of your harvest on a baking tray or wire rack lined with baking paper (in the dehydrator without baking paper). Leave the oven door a gap wide open to allow steam to escape. The dried goods are ready when you can squeeze them between two fingers and no more juice comes out. Place your canning jars (jars with sealing rings/spring clips or swing tops or twist-off jars) and kitchen utensils in boiling water for 5 min and then let them dry. Put the dried vegetables into the jars and seal them airtight.
Hi, I’m Lisa from Permapot. I’ve been growing my own vegetables in my small urban garden and on my terrace for 4 years now. With Permapot I would like to make it easier for you to get started with urban gardening!
Mit der Eingabe meiner E-Mail-Adresse erkläre ich mich mit den Datenschutzbestimmungen einverstanden. Eine Abmeldung vom Newsletter ist mir jederzeit mit nur einem Klick möglich.